|Average Adult Size:||4 to 5 inches long|
|Average Life Span:||Up to 2 to 3 years with proper care|
A well-balanced hamster diet consists of:
- High-quality hamster lab blocks and limited amounts of grains, vegetables, fruits and Timothy hay.
- Clean, fresh, filtered, chlorine-free water, changed daily.
- Do not feed chocolate, caffeine or alcohol as these can cause serious medical conditions. Avoid sugar and high fat treats.
Things to remember when feeding your hamster:
- Fresh food and water should always be available.
- A limited amount of grain, vegetables, fruits or Timothy hay can be given daily but should not exceed 10% of their total diet
- Vegetables and fruits not eaten within 24 hours should be discarded.
- Hamsters acclimate well to average household temperatures, not to exceed 80°F; be cautious of extreme temperature changes. The habitat should never be in direct sunlight or in a drafty area.
- Habitat should be plastic, metal or glass and escape-proof with a solid bottom; there should be plenty of room for the hamster to exercise and play. It is best to provide the largest habitat possible.
- 1-2" of bedding should be placed in the habitat; proper bedding includes high quality paper bedding, crumbled paper bedding, or hardwood shavings. Cedar-based products are not recommended.
- House adult hamsters separately. Different types of small animals should not be housed together.
- Play during the night and rest during the day (nocturnal) but can adjust to your schedule.
- Easy to handle but may nip if suddenly awakened from a nap or startled.
- Chew on objects to maintain incisor teeth, which grow continuously; ensure they have plenty of wood chew sticks or mineral chews.
- Clean and disinfect the habitat and its contents at least once a week with a 3% bleach solution. Rinse and allow to dry completely before placing the hamster back into the habitat.
- Remove wet spots daily; change bedding at least once a week, or more often as necessary.
Grooming & Hygiene
- Hamsters stay clean and rarely need baths, but can be spot-cleaned with a damp washcloth or unscented baby wipes if needed. Some hamsters enjoy an occasional dust bath. Hairless hamsters benefit from a small amount of non-toxic aloe-based lotion rubbed into their skin to keep it soft.
- It is normal for a hamster's teeth to be yellow; cleaning is not necessary.
- Consult with a veterinarian if a hamster's teeth seem too long.
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